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CBD vs. THC - What are the Differences?

Posted by CANNASaver on Sunday, 18 September 2016 in Canna Blog

Differences Between CBD and THC


To explain the difference between CBD and THC it's important to first know what these abbreviated symbols mean and then explore what each compound is made of and it's effect on the human body.

CBD is short for Cannabidiol.  Why CBD instead of CNL? Who know's. There's still worldwide confusion over the term "jumbo shrimp".

Cannabidiol is a natural compound within the Cannabis sativa plant. As scientist continue to research the many different types of cannabis plants, scientist are also discovering the chemical properties that make up the plants. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of several hundred compounds found within the chemical structure of the sativa plant. It has become popular due to its effects on the human brain and body.

THC is short for Tetrahydrocannabinol. Now this abbreviation makes a lot more sense. The t, the h, and the c are all right there standing front faced at attention as proud members of the american english alpha-bet should be!

THC is the chemical compound in cannabis that produces the "high" effect. CBD on the other hand, does not produce   a "high" feeling like THC.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is probably the most popular compound in cannabis because it is the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Psychoactive is anything capable of affecting mental activity. It's a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, or consciousness.  It's the chemical that leads to various euphorias felt within the body and brain.  Some  examples of psychoactive substances most people have heard of include LSD, cocaine, crack cocaine, methylphenidate (Ritalin), and ephedrine to name a few. Both THC and CBD  interact with the cannabinoid receptors found in the human body.

Hundreds of different cannabinoids have been isolated from the Cannabis plant. Cannabinoids in simple terms are chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in cells within biological systems.    

The human body has what is called an Endocannabinoid system.  Cannabinoid receptors are located throughout the body connected to this system.   Having a well-functioning endocannabinoid system is vital for human health. It is responsible for many of body's physiological processes such pain-sensation, mood, memory and appetite.  

With this understanding, one may ask, what are the benefits of using one over the other.  The answer would have to be based on each individual's preference.  A look at a few of the other differences point out that CBD is technically legal because it does not produce the psychoactive “high” effect that THC does.

CBD is widely used for medical purposes and especially important for children and elderly patients who may be greatly helped by the cannabis plant but certainly would not and should not have any substance that would affect mental activity.

THC on the other hand produces a 'high' that people just love and it's high time the cannabis plant is respected for all the medicinal, social and financial benefits it produces.

The one thing about CBD and THC that is most impressive, is that you can try them both and see what works best for you!


Enjoy the Now!

MrD.

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CannaSaver Blog

Is Higher % THC Better?

Posted by CANNASaver on Sunday, 03 January 2021 in Canna Blog

Flower, waxes, and edibles, oh my! With the legalization of marijuana, many different strains and types of cannabis have become available to the public. Everyone’s looking for something unique, something different. Some people want to blast off while others just take a little edge off. Is higher % THC better? Here’s what we say...

high % THC

What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol is the chemical responsible for the psychological effects of marijuana. THC acts like the cannabinoid chemicals that your body creates.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse notes that marijuana is the most commonly used psychotropic drug. THC is the component responsible for its effect.

THC attaches itself to the body’s cannabinoid receptors. These are the parts of the brain associated with such perceptions as thinking, memory, pleasure, coordination, and time.

THC Concentrations

THC concentration is measured in weight compared to the product. THC concentration depends on several factors. Exposure to air degrades THC. Its concentration also is affected by the cultivation of the marijuana plant, the soil, and the plants.

The hemp plant has a minimal amount of THC. It is used for industrial and medical purposes—not for recreational use. Hemp THC could be only 0.5 percent. 

Some cannabis strains can have as little as 0.3 percent THC by weight. Other strains may have as high as 20 percent THC by the weight in a sample. Some unusual varieties have tested over 30 percent THC!

According to The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the average % THC concentration in marijuana is between one and five percent. THC in recreational marijuana is widely variable.

How Has % THC Increased?

A new study by Alice Walton sheds light on changes in THC concentration.

Part of this increased THC concentration is the result of a shift in the production of cannabis plant material away from marijuana to sinsemilla. Sinsemilla is the female cannabis plant that has not been pollinated. Sinsemilla plants are grown from cuttings or seed. 

is higher % THC better

The History of % THC Rise

Marijuana plants have been around for the past several hundred years. They were first grown in Asia in 500 BC for medicinal purposes. The THC percentage wasn’t even a consideration in those days. However, some ancient cultures knew about the psychoactive properties of cannabis. They grew these specific varieties because of their higher levels of THC. These were used in both religious ceremonies and healing rituals.

The cultivation of marijuana in America dates back to the early colonists. They grew hemp for ropes, sails, and clothing. Early hemp plants had low levels of THC. The psychotropic properties of the plant were not a consideration in the cultivation of hemp.

By the early 1900s, scientists discovered that THC was what gave cannabis its medicinal properties. Researchers learned that THC interacted with areas of the brain to lessen nausea and promote appetite.

Between 1960 and 1980, marijuana’s THC content was less than 2%. There were no clear governmental guidelines or regulations over the cannabis industry. So, producers took a page from the tobacco and alcohol industries. Through improved production and plant generation, they developed strains of marijuana with a significantly higher concentration of THC.

As American Mary notes there has been a concerted effort to increase the THC percentage. Since the early 1980s, the average THC content has shown an increase from a modest two percent to between ten and twelve percent. Some even tested as high as twenty to thirty percent THC by weight! 

Is Higher % THC Better?

Is a higher concentration of THC in marijuana better? Some would argue that the more potent the product the better value for your expenditure. Others disagree.

Pros

Those who use marijuana with a higher concentration of THC are convinced that they get a greater rush with a smaller amount of products. They also argue that they need less to get the desired effect. Hence, they think they get better value for their cannabis dollar.

Cons

But, the writers of American Mary disagree. Their point is that it doesn’t take much THC to get most people feeling high. So why seek marijuana with astronomical amounts of THC? It’s like bringing a cannon to a duel. 

Others contend that THC isn’t the only consideration. When you purchase wine, you look for one whose taste you like. You don’t shop for the one with the highest alcohol content. Writer Mike Pizzo suggests that is how marijuana purchasers should choose the product they want.

Researcher Dr. Elizabeth Stuyt points out the dangers of high potency marijuana. Her study indicates that the psychoactive component of marijuana with higher concentrations of THC causes higher levels of addiction. The higher potency of any drug raises the possibility of addiction. It also increases return buyer frequency and his purchasing amounts.

higher % THC

Why Some Prefer a Lesser % THC

Substance contends that not all buyers make high THC a priority. For some, looking only at high THC overlooks other important factors. Searching for high THC fails to take into consideration other traits that enhance the experience.

Further, the writer contends that higher THC concentration does not translate to the most potent experience. He cites smoking Jamaican marijuana with a concentration of only 12% as being his ultimate euphoria. The THC content alone cannot explain the experience.

Other factors are worth considering! Writers of American Mary encourage buyers to try different strains of cannabis with a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. In doing so, buyers will discover the flavor profiles and experiences they will enjoy the most.

 Just like with fine Scotch, choosing the best product for you is a matter of trial and error. There are over four hundred and thirty compounds in a cannabis plant. The way in which these components interact will result in a wide range of reactions from the user. Add to that the wide range of user traits and the number of expected reactions is mind-boggling.

So how do you choose? Like with any other product, consider THC as only one of the many factors in your favorite cannabis. 

It’s not just the THC content that’s important. Rather, it is how the THC combines with other characteristics of the whole plant.

So, is higher % THC better?

The answer is not necessarily.

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CannaSaver Blog

Delta 8 vs Delta 10

Posted by CANNASaver on Saturday, 28 August 2021 in Canna Blog

Marijuana is one of nature’s most simple-yet-complex plants aiding humankind. Science only continues to unravel the almost limitless helpful compounds in which marijuana is made up of. This includes the set of compounds known as cannabinoids.

We have our ever-popular THC. 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most well-known ingredient in the structure of marijuana.  THC is a potent cannabinoid that has mind-altering/hallucinatory effects. It is also known as Delta-9.

Another well-known cannabinoid is CBD. 

Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most well-known active ingredient in marijuana. 

CBD, by itself, does not have any psychoactive properties and will make someone feel high. It acts more as a sleep aid, relief for depression, anxiety, and PTSD. 

But do you know about Delta-8 THC? What about Delta-10 THC? 

Confused? 

Let’s fix that and look at Delta-8 vs Delta-10 THC.

Delta-9 THC

Delta-9 THC

First, let's start with what we are most familiar with.

Delta-9 THC is the most well-known THC out there. The one everyone flocks to for high percentage numbers

This THC’s full name is Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, but you can see why THC stuck. 

It is a cannabinoid found in marijuana that produces psychoactive effects in a consumer. Usually the association of being “high”.

But this THC is only one of 60 different cannabinoid molecules found in marijuana plants. 

Now let’s look at Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC and compare them to Delta-9.

delta 8 chemical compound

Delta-8 THC

Delta-8 THC is one of the new types of marijuana products gaining popularity with the culture. Consumers love Delta-8 for a calmer high. Delta-8 THC is also legal around the country due to also coming from hemp.

Delta-8 THC has very similar effects to THC, specifically indica strains

People report feeling happiness, euphoria, relief from different pains, and aids with insomnia.

Like regular THC, Delta-8 works intuitively with your body’s natural cannabinoid system. 

The two compounds have a double bond chemical structure. 

That double bond DNA is what is thought to be the producer of “feeling high” or euphoric effects.

Delta-10 THC

Delta-10 THC is an up-and-comer in the marijuana industry. 

Delta-10 is a sativa-like cannabinoid, creating a thought-provoking head high that has a lighter touch than a regular sativa strain

This allows consumers to feel creative/energetic vibes and avoid feelings of paranoia/anxiety that can sometimes come with sativa strains.

Chemically, Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC are cannabinoids that occur naturally in a marijuana plant and even hemp. With variations of THC chemical structures, it all depends on where bonds meet within molecules in the plant. THC (Delta-9) chemically bonds in the 9th carbon chain within the particular molecule. So follows Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC. 

Didn’t know you were going to get a chemistry lesson today, did you?

delta 8 vs delta 10

Delta-8 & Delta-10: Similarities

Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC are both derived from hemp which makes them both completely federally legal. 

They just cannot be above .3% Delta-9 THC, much like CBD.

It’s safe to say that all of the THC family, regardless of Delta variation, will produce a “high” which most are seeking. Delta-8 and Delta-10 will not disappoint in this department. Though neither are as potent as Delta-9.

Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC compounds work and interact with your body’s cannabinoid system.  Both of the compounds when consumed bind to your brain’s CB1 and CB2 receptors. When this occurs, the outcome can produce the ability to maintain your body’s homeostasis.

Delta-8 and Delta-10: Differences

Delta-10 THC produces a sativa-like high. 

It tends to make consumers feel alert, focused, and creative, whereas Delta-8 produces an indica-like effect

Consumers typically feel couch-lock, relaxed/sleepy, and sometimes munchies. Good to know the difference depending on what you're trying to do for the day.

Which is Stronger of the Deltas?

It’s important to understand that intensities between Delta-8, Delta-9, and Delta-10 THC compounds can vary to a certain extent.

Delta-9 THC is well-known to produce psychoactive properties. 

Although, sometimes it can produce unwanted side effects, like paranoia or anxiety.

Delta-8 and Delta-10 are much weaker in comparison to Delta-9 THC.

Delta-8 is known to give consumers an extremely mild high.

With feelings of relaxation and munchies. Only feels like a small buzz, like having a drink or two.

Delta-10 THC is probably the weakest of the THCs.

Delta-10 comes with the benefit of feeling focused and creative, with the feelings of paranoia and anxiety that can typically bring forth.

Hope you took notes because there will be a chemistry test tomorrow!

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