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Terpenes and Their Effects

Posted by CANNASaver on Saturday, 03 June 2017 in Canna Blog

Types of Terpenes and their Effects

What are terpenes and why should you care? A terpene isn’t just a word that weed nerds use; terpenes are what gives marijuana its delicious smell and many additional stony effects! Terpenes are the fragrant oils found in the glandular trichomes of marijuana flowers. There are approximately 140 known terpenes, and they all have different effects on the human body. This article will introduce you to some of the more common terpenes found in marijuana and help you choose the right terpenes to produce the effects you’re looking for.

What are terpenes and what do they do?

Terpenes aren’t unique to marijuana! Terpenes are found in many plants including pepper, rosemary, sage, and lavender. In nature, the function of terpenes is to attract pollinators like bees, and repel predators such as insects and deer. They also help the plant to fight off fungus and bacteria. Some terpenes smell citrusy, some piney, some musky, some floral. What particular terpenes a plant produces is influenced by the maturity of the plant, strain variety, climate, soil quality, and other environmental factors. Some terpenes play a role in determining how much THC penetrates your body’s systems, while certain other terpenes can affect the brain’s cannabanoid receptors. These influences help determine the specific effects of the particular marijuana you’re using.

What’s the Difference in Terpenes and Terpenoids?

Terpenes are what these oils are called when they are found in the living, growing marijuana plant. At this point, the terpenes contain only hydrogen and carbon. Once the plant is harvested and the buds begin to dry out, oxidation changes the terpenes into terpenoids. So, not much difference really, but the two terms can be confusing if you don’t understand the distinction.

Common Terpenes and their Effects

So, how do terpenes affect you exactly? The answer depends on the terpene. Here are some of the more common and most sought-after terpenes that can be found in marijuana, as well as some info about what strains contain which terpenes.

Humulene: This terpene has an earthy, woody scent. It’s great for relieving pain and also has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It’s also useful as an appetite suppressant. OG Kush and White Widow both have high levels of humulene.

Limonine: This terpene is known for its ability to elevate one’s mood, producing feelings of happiness, lightness, and euphoria. Stress-relieving with a citrusy scent, you’ll find limonene in OG Kush and Super Lemon Haze, to name a couple. Anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-carcinogenic, limonene is believed to help with gallstones and gastrointestinal complications, and it’s also good for heartburn and for treating the symptoms of depression.

Linalool: With a floral, citrusy scent, linalool is a terpene that is great for stress relief and relaxation. It’s also good for treating acne. G-13, LA Confidential, and Amnesia Haze are some strains with a high concentration of linalool.

Myrcene: If you have trouble sleeping, this is the terpene for you. It will knock you out, producing drowsiness and generally slowing the mind. With an earthy, tropical scent, myrcene has a reputation for its cancer-fighting properties and amazing ability to end even the worst cases of insomnia. The most common of the terpenes, myrcene is also a muscle relaxer and anti-depressant, and it may even help your high to kick in a little more quickly. White Widow is a strain to look for if you’re wanting high myrcene levels in your buds.

Caryophyllene: This terpene has gastroprotective properties that aid in keeping your digestive system healthy. It has a woody, peppery scent and is also good for relieving the pain and stiffness of arthritis. It’s an anti-inflammatory that can be useful in treating ulcers and autoimmune disorders.If you’re looking for caryophyllene, you’ll find it in abundance in the hash plant, not in the type of bud that’s usually enjoyed.

Pinene (alpha-pinene and beta-pinene): This terpene encourages focus and mental acuity, and gives the herb a piney scent. It’s recommended for help with asthma and for use as an antiseptic. Jack Herer and Super Silver Haze are two strains rife with pinenes.

Where do I find these strains?

Now that you know what you’re looking for, all you need to do is head to a dispensary and buy a marijuana strain that has a high concentration of the terpenes you want. CannaSaver is a great resource for finding a dispensary near you, and you’ll also find loads of money-saving coupons for dispensary deals on top-shelf ounces, dabs, and more. Just choose a deal, then call the store to ask about specific strains to verify that they have what you’re looking for. Your budtender can also recommend additional strains based on the terpene effects you desire. Of course, the best way to discover which terpenes you prefer is to experiment--so stock up on a few different varieties and see for yourself which strains and terpenes you like the most. Happy toking from your friends at CannaSaver!

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Do Terpenes Get You High?

Posted by CANNASaver on Saturday, 16 January 2021 in Canna Blog

Oh the juicy terps, glorious terpenes. By now, I’m sure you know all about wonderful terpenes. 

Wait, you don’t? 

Well, let’s boot in and upload that knowledge upon you. 

weed and terpenes

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are biological aromatic compounds found in many different plant species. In cannabis, they are responsible for the various flavors and aromas each strain obtains. The terpenes produce citrus, pepper, pine, and floral tastes/smells gathered within the buds or more specifically in the trichomes (kief).

They promote relaxation/stress relief for indica strains.

As for the sativas, they produce focus, uplifting, and energy.

So now that you are an expert, you’re probably headed to your favorite dispensary to purchase a fresh jar of juicy terpenes. They are going to get you higher than you have ever been. Well, let’s stop there and ask this question:

Do terpenes get you high?

A Closer Look At Terpenes

So now that you have a little knowledge of terpenes and that they exist, let’s dive in a little closer. Terpenes come in a big bag of different types which influence the type of high you will experience while you smoke. Let’s consider terpenes a type of “choose your own adventure” for the cannabis world.

do terpenes get you high

Limonene

This juicy citrus terpene is found in various different fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, berries, and lemons. Limonene reduces anxiety. This occurs by the terpene increasing your serotonin and dopamine production within your brain, thus improving your overall mental health. A happy brain is a good brain.

Limonene has a high availability which essentially means it will allow a substance, cannabis in our case, to enter your bloodstream and have an actual effect on your body.

Some other added benefits include being an antiseptic and helping overall gastrointestinal health.

Some strains which contain Limonene include:

  • White Widow
  • Hindu Kush
  • Goji OG
  • Banana Kush

Myrcene

The most common terpene amongst the marijuana ranks is myrcene. Studies have shown myrcene improves cell membranes in the body to absorb nutrients. Myrcene makes up 20% of all the terpenes found in all cannabis strains. The terpene also appears as the most dominant among 40% of shelved marijuana strains. With these percentages, there is a very good chance you have had plenty of this terpene. 

Myrcene affects the blood/brain barrier. The terpene lowers the barrier allowing THC to pass through easier thus allowing for a sustained high. The terpene protects against circulating toxins/diseases which cause brain infections. This process does not raise the psychoactivity of THC but naturally increases the sense of chill and couch-lock. This allows the marijuana to hit fast/strong. Typically completely halving the onset time. 

Some health benefits from Myrcene are digestion improvement, relaxing muscles, reducing asthma flare-ups, and aiding sleep.

Some strains which contain Myrcene include:

  • Green Crack
  • Ak-47
  • Blue Dream
  • 9 Pound Hammer

Pinene

This woodsy, lumberjack of a terpene is the most common terp in nature. Pinene is found in pine trees, coniferous trees, rosemary, and other plants. In the marijuana world, Pinene has earthy, woody, and piney tastes/aromas. This terpene hits with stimulation, focus, and clarity receptors in your brain. The terpene is also a bronchodilator, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, and, believe it or not, it improves your memory.

Some strains which contain Pinene include:

  • Mimosa
  • Do-Si-Do
  • Island Sweet Skunk
  • Jack Herer

Linalool

Linalool is a bit of a flower child. Overall floral with a hint of spice, the terpene is found in lavender, rosewood, birch bark, and cinnamon. Linalool is aromatherapeutic which promotes health and an overall sense of well-being.

The terpenes reduce anxiety and allow the feeling of sedation. Linalool helps prevent heart disease and is slightly pain-relieving. The flower child also produces vitamin E which has anti-aging properties. 

Some strains which contain Linalool include:

  • Grand Daddy Purp
  • Amnesia Haze
  • Wedding Cake
  • L.A. Confidential

Caryophyllene

Oh, the spice with everything nice. Caryophyllene is found in basil, black pepper, and oregano. The terp has spicy, woody, and pepper aromas/flavors. High caryophyllene terpenes are noticeably pain-relieving and inflammation-reducing. The terpene binds with CB2 receptors in the brain which improves brain health and overall well-being.

Caryophyllene can also counteract the effects of THC. This could be good for those who need to be less high/anxiety-ridden. This spicy girl is good for digestion, pain relief, and relieves itchy skin.

Some strains which contain Caryophyllene include:

  • Skywalker OG
  • Super Silver Haze
  • Chemdawg

can terpenes get you high

The Terpene Experience and Getting High

So I know you’re thinking as you stand at your favorite dispensary with your mouth watering at the sight of the jar of fresh terpenes, “Do terpenes alone actually get you high?”. 

Unfortunately, the short answer is no

This simply breaks down to the terpenes themselves containing no THC. For those needing a friendly refresher, THC delivers the high we are all fondly familiar with. The terpenes interacting with THC and other cannabinoids are where the terpenes shine. They come in and become a “pick your own high” known as the Entourage Effect.

The Entourage Effect is the combination of THC, any terpene, and CBD. Many believe that cannabis is improved by adding terpenes. Terpenes work closely in the brain interacting with your body’s naturally forming cannabinoids pairing divinely with consumed THC and/or CBD. The combination is much stronger than THC, CBD, and terpenes alone. 

The Entourage Effect indirectly works as a major chemical compound and increases the potential benefits of everything involved. This improves mood and biological responses which boosts the quality of life. For those with marijuana anxiety, certain terps keep paranoia and anxiety completely away.

Now that you are an actual expert, make sure you grab that jar of terpenes. They allow you to choose the flavor/smells you enjoy. Then, remember to also buy some stinky, dank flower because terpenes alone will not get you high. But the Entourage Effect swoops in to boost cannabis effects longer, faster, and stronger. Helping to improve your body beyond your high.

Health and getting high, who would have thought...

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CannaSaver Blog

What Are Trichomes?

Posted by CANNASaver on Tuesday, 09 February 2021 in Canna Blog

If you’ve ever looked at a piece of cannabis bud closely, chances are you’ve seen the layer of frost-like crystals covering the leaves and stems of the flower. But just what are trichomes and what do they do?

That frost-like substance is also known as Trichomes -- they are tiny biological cannabinoid epicenters found on the flowers and leaves of cannabis plants.

They’re a treat for the weed lover’s senses as they tend to be shiny, sticky, and emit a variety of aromas depending on the strain. 

what are trichomes

The Purpose of Trichomes

Trichome is defined as “fine outgrowths or appendages on the epidermis of a plant,” and they can be observed in a variety of plant species throughout nature. Originating from the Greek word “Tríchōma,” meaning “growth of hair,” trichomes are small resin glands that look like tiny hairs with a round and bulbous tip. They range in 10 to 100 micrometers and give marijuana buds their frosty, shiny, and sticky appearance. 

Protection Barrier

Trichomes serve many different functions for plants such as keeping them safe, healthy, and functional. In Cannabis, trichomes function as protection from difficult climate and outside elements such as harmful UV rays, strong winds, and fungal growth. 

Trichomes also deter animals and insects away from the marijuana plant by emitting a strong aroma and bitter taste.  

Cannabinoid Factories

Trichomes manufacture the hundreds of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that make each cannabis strain potent and unique. They are an essential part of the cannabis plant and without them, there wouldn’t be any THC, CBD, terpenes, or extracts for weed enthusiasts to enjoy. 

trichomes close up

Types of Trichomes

Three types of Trichomes appear most often on cannabis plants. However, it is the third group that catches the weed lover’s attention. 

  1. Bulbous Trichomes

  2. Capitate sessile Trichomes

  3. Capitate-stalked trichomes

Capitate-stalked trichomes

Capitate-stalked trichomes appear in abundance around the calyxes of budding flowers. They also measure much larger than their counterparts and is visible to the naked eye. Due to their size, capitate-stalked trichomes produce the highest concentration of essential oils -- from which all your favorite oily medicinal and recreational goodies are made. 

Although trichomes do produce cannabinoids, plants containing higher concentrations of trichomes don’t always produce high concentrations of cannabinoids. Factors such as UV light can impact the rate of cannabinoid and terpene synthesis. Usually, plants exposed to a broader spectrum of light will produce more cannabinoids and/ or terpenes, however, this can be strain specific. 

Do Trichomes Get You High?

To simply put it, yes. 

To further break it down, the compounds THCA and CBD are found within the trichomes of a cannabis plant. They are then heated and undergo a chemical reaction, producing the medicinal and psychoactive properties of your favorite strains. 

During combustion, THCA is converted into THC. When you consume marijuana, THC interacts with the cannabinoid receptors found in the brain resulting in the ‘high’ feeling we get after consuming cannabis.

Concentrates & Extracts

Cannabis concentrates and extracts including hash, shatter, cannabis oil, and wax all rely on trichomes that are harvested from cannabis plants. Weed growers use a method referred to as ‘solvent extraction’ to separate cannabinoids and terpenes from their plant tissues by using solvents such as ethanol and isopropyl alcohol. 

All solvents must be completely removed before cannabis extracts are safe to use. 

There are other methods to collect extract without the use of solvents. Rosin, can be made by pressing dry cannabis flower between heated metal plates. While hash, on the other hand, can be made through various methods including the water/ice method and hand rolling. 

cannabis trichomes

Harvesting Trichomes

Most growers examine their plants with magnifying glasses, making it easier for the naked eye to see developing trichomes. Growers can also monitor the changes in their plants by analyzing their visual appearance and aroma. When it comes to harvesting trichomes, for most growers -- the denser the trichomes, the better. However, it’s really up to personal preference. 

Stages of Harvest

Early harvest offers a lively, energetic type of high. During this stage, trichomes will still appear clear and colorless and their yields are not yet at their peak.

Most growers wait until the majority of their trichomes (70%) start to turn cloudy in appearance, the high from this type of harvest is more profound with increased body effects. 

Some growers choose to wait until most of the trichomes start to display an amber or reddish tint. The high from late-harvested trichomes can be heavy with strong body effects. In simpler terms, this is the type of weed that will get you couch-locked stoned. 

Lighting Conditions and Trichome Yield

When growing your own plants, the quality of your crop is heavily dependent on seed quality. Good quality cannabis seeds will result in a higher trichome production yield, resulting in a crop of high-quality cannabis. Environmental conditions also impact trichome levels on cannabis plants, many modern growers have switched to LED grow lights to help them cultivate the most THC from their crops. 

Additionally, supplementing LED light with UVB light is another way to boost cannabis trichome production. This is a technique used by professional growers as the rate of trichome production increases as a defense to UVB radiation, so adding UVB will increase your trichome yield. UVB light can severely damage human eyes and skin, therefore it’s important to be extremely vigilant. Never look or enter any area where UVB lights are on. 

With marijuana being legal in some capacity in more than half of the U.S. states, more people are leaning towards growing and harvesting their plants. To grow the best cannabis, high-quality seeds supplemented with an optimal growing environment are needed along with proper care and dedication.

Thank you, Trichomes

The magic of cannabis is found within its trichomes, they are the prime source of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that characterize the quality and ‘high’ of our favorite cannabis strains. Without trichomes, the cannabis plant wouldn’t have its amazing healing and euphoric properties.

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